While birth control pills are increasingly being used to prevent a pregnancy, their use during pregnancy is very controversial. Birth control pills work very effectively in preventing an unwanted pregnancy but are generally not recommended during a pregnancy. In any case, their use is not justified, as the woman is not likely to conceive if she is already pregnant.
The Effects Of Birth Control Pills On Pregnancy
Getting Off The Pill
For women who wish to have a child, getting off the pill seems easy enough. In a study conducted in the US, it was observed that 21% women conceived within the first cycle of stopping the pill. The advancement in the quality of birth control today has made it easier for women to suffer from fewer side effects and achieve a pregnancy easily enough.
Effects on The Foetus
For women who continue to take the birth control pill during their pregnancy, the pill is not said to pose any health risk to the foetus. However, it has been researched and purported that the birth control pill increases the level of the hormone progesterone and is said to enlarge the genitals of a female baby. The most prominent feature is enlargement of the clitoris. However, this theory has not been backed by evidence.
The birth control pills tend to mimic the common symptoms of a pregnancy so women are finding it increasingly difficult to confirm or detect pregnancy when it occurs.
This is because the mini pill is said to produce the very same side effects of pregnancy like bloating, nausea, vomiting and breast tenderness. Not knowing this can put the woman at risk of miscarriage especially if she is involved actively in sports or a high stress work environment.
Using the pill while you are pregnant is also said to increase the chances of a tubal or ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus in either of the two fallopian tubes. This can be life threatening if not diagnosed immediately.
The Long Term Effects of The Pill
The pill is said to reduce the incidence of ovarian and endometrial cancer. However latest evidence has stated that there is no evidence to justify this claim. On the positive side, the pill does tend to reduce cramping and heavy abdominal bleeding associated with menstruation.
The Effects On Fertility
Using the birth control pill also does not seem to reduce a woman’s fertility as widely believed. On the contrary, women can take as less as 1-2 months to conceive unless of course there are some underlying medical problems that are preventing conception.
The newer pills are very effective in being flushed out of the system as soon as the woman stops taking the pill. This helps fertility to be restored very fast. The pill is one of the most popular forms of contraception used worldwide and a number of women are embracing it because of its empowerment in helping women to plan their pregnancies.