In today’s world, there are many people who are troubled by the problem of heart diseases. Until recently, it was thought that men are more susceptible to contract this condition than women. But now, it is seen that the incidence of women who are afflicted by heart diseases are on the rise.
There are many types of heart diseases which a woman can get affected with. Of these a very common one is the coronary heart disease. This is a condition which requires immediate attention, as failure to treat it in proper time can lead to even more fatal conditions like myocardial infarction. Narrowing and widening of the mitral valve and diseases of the heart muscles are the other common types of heart diseases which a woman can get.
Women who are above the age of 65 are commonly seen to develop heart problems. But now it is seen that the younger lot is also not spared from this condition. There are many factors which lead to the occurrence of heart diseases in women. These factors may range from genetic abnormalities to the life style of the individual. Do read on to find about the risk factors for heart diseases in women and the preventive steps which can be taken.
Risk Factors For Heart Disease
The Main Problem Of Obesity
Obesity or the condition of being overweight is one of the major factors which cause heart diseases in women. The excess weight of the body puts an extras strain on all the internal organs including the heart. The heart which is then forced to work beyond its capacity will finally slow down its functions, and thus lead to the formation of heart problems in women.
It is seen that the risk factor of heart diseases is very high in women who have excess fat in their abdominal region. Studies have proved that women having a waistline greater than 35 inches are very much prone to contract heart diseases.
The Habit Of Smoking
Women who indulge in smoking are found to be at a greater risk of contracting heart diseases than their non smoking counterparts. This unhealthy habit can be attributed as the major cause of heart attacks in women who are below 50 years of age. The risk is increased many times in smoking women who use birth control pills. Inhalation of smoke can lead to the condition of hypertension, which in turn paves the way for heart attacks and strokes. The blood gets thickened and blood clots form in the arteries, thereby leading to fatal heart problems.
Not only active smokers, but passive smokers too are prone to develop problems of the heart. It is seen that a woman who is exposed to tobacco fumes consistently for long periods of time is highly prone to develop heart diseases.
Women who suffer from certain other medical problems are also at a high risk of contracting heart diseases. Among these medical conditions, the important ones are high cholesterol, hypertension and diabetes. In some women, the above said medical conditions develop due to their obese nature, while in some others heredity may be the causative factor.
Women having the above said conditions of diabetes and high cholesterol are highly prone to get their blood vessels blocked, owing to unwanted fat deposition, thereby reducing the blood flow to and from the heart and eventually leading to heart failure. On the other hand, women with hypertension are prone to have their arteries thickened and damaged, which in turn leads to heart diseases.
Apart from the above said reasons, there are also some other risk factors for heart diseases in women. Women who have a family history of heart diseases are more prone to develop the condition. Also those women who lead a sedentary and inactive lifestyle are also at a higher chance of developing heart diseases than their active counterparts. Excessive alcohol consumption is also one of the causative factors of heart diseases in women.
The Preventive Measures
In order to avoid the incidence of heart diseases, women are advised to follow a healthy lifestyle by eating a healthy diet and by performing adequate exercises. It is very much important to keep your weight under control and prevent unwanted body fat deposition. Performing exercises for half an hour on a daily basis will be enough to keep the demons of heart diseases at bay.
Refraining from smoking and excessive alcohol consumption is also seen to help reduce the incidence of heart diseases. If diagnosed with heart disease, then it is necessary to take timely medications and avail proper treatment, in order to keep the disease under control and to prevent its aggravation.