The uterus which is the reproductive organ found in women is normally held together in the body by a group of muscles, ligaments and tissues. These joints, tissues and muscles however are severely weakened with repeated childbirths or a very difficult labour.
With aging and a drop in the estrogen levels of the body, the uterus can collapse and drop down right into the vagina. This is called as prolapse of the uterus.
Some of The Signs and Symptoms Of A Prolapsed Uterus
Degrees of Prolapse
Muscle weakness may cause the uterus to sag and drop down into the uterus.
In first-degree prolapse, only the cervix drops down into the uterus. In second-degree prolapse, the cervix sticks to the mouth of the vagina. In third degree prolapse, the cervix comes outside into the vagina and in fourth degree prolapse; the uterus comes out of the vagina entirely.
In a typical hernia, the part of the bladder may come into the vagina. This can cause urinary pain, bladder infections, urinary incontinence, urgency or retention. In other cases, parts of the bowel may protrude into the vagina, which can lead to severe backache. If the rectal area bulges into the vagina then this can lead to constipation, difficulty in passing stools and rectal pain and burning.
A feeling of fullness, bloating and immense pelvic pressure is felt when the uterus prolapses.
Increased Vaginal Sensations
Your vagina my feel stretched and painful and you may feel as if something is coming out of your vagina.
Sex may become impossible or very painful. This is because the uterus has prolapsed into the vagina making it difficult for the woman to have sex.
Difficulty in Passing Stools
It may become impossible to defecate or pass tools in case of severe prolapse or hernia.
Back pain is very common as the uterus descends and extends pressure on your spine. Parts of the rectum and bladder may also protrude and this can lead to excruciating back pain.
Difficulty in Walking
The person may get disjointed and may find it difficult to walk due to the increased pelvic pressure.
Discharge From The Vagina
The woman may start to experience an unusual or excessive discharge from the vagina. At times bleeding may also occur.
Because the bladder often descends into the vagina, the woman may suffer from repeated bladder infections, which may make it very difficult for the woman to carry out her day-to-day functions.
A prolapsed uterus is a very serious condition and requires immediate care and attention. Most treatment options include a surgery where the entire uterus is removed. This is done only if the woman has completed her family and does not wish to have any more children.
In certain cases, a vaginal pessary is used. This is a doughnut shaped device, which is inserted deep into the vagina in order to keep the uterus propped up and prevent it from slipping down. In some cases, estrogen therapy may also be given to strengthen the vaginal and uterine muscles.