Menstrual cycles in a female begin at her pre-teen or during her teen ages. The beginning of menstrual cycles in a girl indicates her onset of puberty. These monthly cycles stop at the age of 50 or maybe less or more than that which is known as menopause. The years after puberty and before menopause are known as the reproductive years of a female.
Common Menstruation Problems
Menstruation in a woman may not always go on smoothly. Many women face problems with menses in some point of their lives. These problems are more likely to occur just after puberty or just before menopause. However, those women with poor hygiene, excess or low weight, poor diet and other health problems may also face problems with menses. Following are given 7 menstruation problems along with their causes.
Amenorrhea refers to complete absence of menstruation. It is of two types. If a girl of 16 years of age has never menstruated, she is said to have a condition of primary amenorrhea. And if there is no menstrual flow for consecutively six months in a woman who previously had regular periods, she is then said to have secondary amenorrhea (this condition excludes pregnancy).
There are several causes that can cause amenorrhea, both primary and secondary. Amongst them, the common ones are poor diet and health conditions, excessive stress/tension, excessive physical strain, reduced weigh or over weight and depression. Other causes of amenorrhea may include high levels of male hormones in a female, may be due to genetic disorders such as Turner’s syndrome, a condition known as polycystic ovary syndrome and premature ovarian failure.
The irregularity or infrequency of periods is known as oligomenorrhea. Irregular periods are quite common in occurrence for women who are nearing menopause and especially for those girls who have just reached puberty.
Irregularity of menstrual flow could be due to hormonal imbalance, heavy exercises, too much of stress and tensions, improper intake of diet, weight problems and also can be due to contraceptive pills. Oligomenorrhea may also be caused due to an underlying complication such as polycystic ovary syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease. But these complications are rare reasons for irregular periods.
Pain during menstruation is known as dysmenorrhea. Painful periods can make it very difficult for a woman to accomplish daily activities. Menstrual pain is also referred as menstrual cramps.
Well, it is normal that some pain and discomfort may occur during menstrual flow due to uterine contractions and due to hormones and chemicals. But severe pain can be due to some underlying cause such as endometriosis in older women. Pelvic infections may also be a rare reason behind dysmenorrhea.
This condition amongst the “7 menstruation problems” includes a variety of physical and emotional changes that may occur a few days before the beginning of a menstrual cycle. The symptoms may end when the periods begin or shortly after that.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
Bleeding that is different from the normal menstrual bleeding is considered to be abnormal. Abnormal uterine bleeding includes bleeding between periods, bleeding after menopause, bleeding after sex, spots at any time during the menstrual cycle. The cause of this abnormal bleeding can be any underlying disease or infection. Birth control pills can also be the reason.
The onset of puberty is at different ages in different girls. Some might have their first period quite early at the age of 9 or 10. While some girls may have it later in their teen age such as at 14 or 15. Girls usually get worried if their menarche is delayed however it is quite normal and one must only be concerned about the delay if she has reached the age of 16 or above.