Cancer is a deadly disease that can affect women in many different forms. The most common perhaps being breast cancer. But what a lot of women don’t know is that there are many different kinds of screening tests available, which help you to get a hang of this disease much earlier. Doing so not only improves chances of recovery, but also makes sure that you are able to fight off the disease and keep it away.
Here Are Some Some Of Them:
This one helps in detecting tumors and lumps that are symptoms of cancer. You can do this using your own hand, especially if you are in a menopausal stage, do it every month. Check in the mirror for changes in your breasts like swelling or some kind of dimpling. Lie down and then check for knots and lumps. Squeeze nipples to check for discharge. Contact your health provider if you notice something strange.
A screening mammogram is the term defined for an x-ray that basically helps in finding some details that are not seen in home examinations or hand examinations. Through the mammograms one is able to get detailed images. With the new 3D mammography, it is now possible to detect cancer forms at a much earlier stage. So for women above 50 it is suggested to get a mammogram done once a year at least.
Pap Smear Test
The Pap smear test is mostly done for cervical cancer. It makes use of cells to check for weird menstrual or vaginal changes like pain during intercourse, too much bleeding, etc. Swabs are taken from the vaginal area to make sure that nothing is wrong. Microscopic examinations reveal cancer through this test.
BRCA is a test done using gene mutation and through this test, the blood or even saliva of the test uses blood or saliva of the patient is taken. It helps to detect different forms of cancer including breast, ovarian and even fallopian cancer. A positive result in the BRCA test means that a woman has a 40-50% of getting cancer because of gene issues and treatments can be done for the same.
HPV DNA Testing
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is an approved test that is again done for cervical cancer. This screening is much similar to the swab test mentioned above. Here along with cancer, the testing helps in checking for the HPV 16 and HPV 18 virus too. During a pelvic exam, samples are taken from here to check for risks of cancers along with traces of abnormal cell growth.
Colorectal Cancer Test
This is one of the first few tests devised for taking care of colon cancer. This too is an annual fecal occult blood test that helps in understanding the signs of cancer. It tests for signs of polyps or other growths in the rectum area. Doing so helps in determining early traces of cancer.
Spiral Lung Test
Spiral CT for Lung Cancer Screening is a low impact kind of computed tomography scan. This turns out to be a better test than Xrays because it is more accurate. For those women who have a smoking history, it is suggested that they undergo this test at least once a year. Doing so will help in finding out traces of cancer at an earlier stage.
Uterine Cancer Test
The most common signs of uterine or endometrial cancer include bleeding from the vagina and pelvic pain. This test makes use of a hand examination of the pelvic region followed by USG or even biopsy if needed. This checks for signs of malicious cancer cells and helps in early detection.