Toxic shock syndrome is a potentially grave condition arbitrated by causal bacterial toxins such as Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococci or GAS or strep) and Staphylococcus aureus (or staph). Toxic shock syndrome was first described in kids during the late seventies and subsequently, cases surfaced that recognized a link with usage of tampons among women who menstruate.
There’s a greater likelihood of menstrual toxic shock syndrome symptoms developing in females who use highly absorbent or super absorbent tampons or utilizing tampons for major part of the menstrual cycle and not changing it for protracted spans of time.
Staphylococcal menstrual toxic shock syndrome symptoms characteristically surface three to five days after commencement of periods among tampon users. Remarkably, half of the toxic shock syndrome cases are not linked to menses.
Staphylococcal nonmenstrual toxic shock syndrome symptoms classically arise no sooner than twelve hours of having undergone surgery, especially when operative packing was utilized, for instance, in nasal surgical procedure. Streptococcal nonmenstrual toxic shock syndrome symptoms usually surface:
1) Among new moms after the birthing process, from two to three days onwards to many weeks post-delivery.
2) Among individuals that have developed infection in their operative wounds and can be experienced from two days to a week post-operation.
3) Among individuals suffering from respiratory tract infections and can surface from a fortnight to 1.5 months after respiratory signs initiate.
Commonly Experienced Toxic Shock Syndrome Symptoms
Flu-like symptoms like headaches, throat soreness, coughing, muscular pains and abdominal cramping are also experienced a couple of days prior to toxic shock syndrome developing.
The person’s body temperature suddenly shoots up and is hotter than 38.9 degrees Celsius or 102 degree Fahrenheit. High-grade fever is experienced alongside low reading of blood pressure, general uneasiness and perplexity that could speedily advance to a state of unconsciousness, becoming comatose and failed functioning of several vital organs.
Toxic shock syndrome triggers different skin conditions that have been elucidated herewith. Full body rashes that resemble skin which has turned reddish and inflamed due to sunburns. The rashes are flattish rather than risen and turn pale on pressure application and are called as diffuse rash. Such rashes might be tricky to spot in individuals with dark or wheatish skin tones.
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Blood-shot eyes and the lip and tongue areas turn deep pink in appearance. Palm and the base of the foot (sole) could also be other areas where rashes might surface. Exfoliative dermatitis skin disorder can develop wherein generalized bright reddishness is accompanied by fine whitish or blood-tinged scales.
Skin necrosis wherein the affected skin tissue faces premature irreversible damage or death that develops in the earlier stages of the illness. Desquamation is a skin condition characterized by shedding which resembles scaly skin appearance of a fish.
Indications of Shock
Shock is a dicey condition that is typified by signs like hypotension and palpitations, oftentimes with a feeling or dizzy sensation, syncope, queasiness, emesis or restiveness and bewilderment.
Hypo which means low and tension translates to pressure is a condition when the pressure of blood within the arteries or systolic reading is below ninety mm Hg. Palpitations are apparently swift, strong or erratic heartbeats that are experienced by the individual.
When three or more organ systems are involved such as: GI system (Gastro-intestinal system) – symptoms like throwing up, profuse runny bowel motions or diarrhea.
Liver inflammation – levels of aminotransferases (ALT, AST) are elevated (almost twice the regular levels).
Hyperemia – augmented blood supply to diverse body tissues of the vagina, mouth and conjunctiva.
Kidney failure – measurement of serum creatinine shows double the normal levels.
Thrombopenia – This condition is described as a relative drop in platelet numbers in the blood that are below normal levels (lesser than one lakh per millimeter cube).
Central Nervous System involvement – signs like non-focal neurological irregularities like feeling perplexed or confused.
Myalgia refers to intense pains or aches that are felt in a specific muscle or a set of muscles.
Agonizing Pains Felt in Wounded or Injured Area
People oftentimes sense acute pains at the location of a skin infection or injury that is ensued by swift advancement of symptoms as illustrated above. The swiftly developing symptoms (ranging in acuteness) are the most crucial indications that one might require prompt medical assistance for TSS or toxic shock syndrome.
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