Menopause is the stage when the menstrual cycle in a woman comes to an end. It occurs at the age of 50 or above. It may even occur earlier in 40s. Menopause occurs when the hormonal levels which are responsible to bring about the menstrual cycle regulation, cease to be produced and hence the fertility period of a woman ends.
Menopause occurs in a series. It has different stages. The first stage is the pre-menopause stage. It is the stage of fertility of a woman. The span of this stage is from the first period of a woman to her last period. The second stage is the perimenopause stage. This stage refers to the years of fertility, just before the menopause. In this stage, women nearing the age of 50, that is, those who are nearing menopause stage experience certain hormonal changes. In this stage, a woman experiences symptoms of menopause.
The third stage is the termination of the menstrual cycle or the end of reproductive years. This stage is called as menopause. But how is it confirmed whether a woman has reached her menopausal state? Well, it is confirmed when she does not experience periods for 12 continuous months. The periods stop due to the reducing levels of estrogen and progesterone which no more stimulate the proliferation of breast and uterus cells. Post-menopause stage; as the name refers, it is the stage which includes years after the fertility has been terminated.
Before thinking about the menopause treatments, the question arises, ‘why would one require a menopause treatment’? Well, this is due to the symptoms of menopause which are quite irritating and sometimes unbearable.
The life of a woman after menopause is not very easy as she has to face troubles such as insomnia, joint aches, osteoporosis, anxiety, mood swings, sexual disinterest, vaginal dryness, frequent need of passing urine, UTI, irritability, night sweats, hot flushes, problem related to skin and hair, etc. So in order to get rid of the annoying symptoms, menopause treatments are being followed.
Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT)
The HRT has been successful in treating many of the symptoms of menopause such as night sweats, UTI, hot flushes. Estrogen in women plays an important role regarding bones and the reduction of this hormone at menopause can increase the chances of developing osteoporosis.
Hence, HRT is able to reduce the risks of osteoporosis by replacing the hormone estrogen. But, HRT containing only estrogen possess high risks of cancer development.
Testosterone is a male hormone. It can be prescribed along with HRT to increase sexual desire in postmenopausal women.
Tibolone and Clonidine
Tibolone is a synthetic hormone while clonidine is a medicine. Both of them are effective in treating hot flushes and night sweat symptoms in post-menopausal women. Tibolone can also improve the conditions of sexual problems and can also help prevent spine fractures. It is also effective in causing reducing vaginal dryness. But both of these treatments possess side effects.
To treat the vaginal dryness, non-hormone based vaginal moisturizers can be effective.
For the treatment of hot flushes, anti-depressants such as venlafaxine and paroxetine are used. But anti-depressants tend to cause many adverse effects.
Adverse effects may include reduced sexual drive. Moreover, antidepressants are not licensed for treating the symptoms of menopause.
Other Easy Menopause Treatments
These treatments include a set of daily habits which a menopausal woman must include in her lifestyle. These are regular exercises, eating a good nutritious diet rich in vitamin D and calcium as well as taking dietary supplements of calcium and vitamin D; moreover, elimination of unhealthy habits from lifestyle such as smoking, drinking, etc. Actually these easy treatments must be followed by a woman from an early age which would help her a lot in reducing the symptoms of menopause besides many other benefits.