Herpes is a virus that can spread from one person to another through skin contact. It appears in the form of clusters of blisters and can be seen on any part of the body.
Types Of Herpes
There are many types of Herpes virus. Herpes simplex type 1 and type 2 which are responsible for cold sores and genital herpes too. Then there is Varicella- Zoster virus, Epstein – Barr virus, Human Cytomegalo virus and Human Herpes virus.The problems caused by this virus are quite a few.
The conditions are cold sores, genital herpes, herpes whitlow, chickenpox, shingles and lot more. Herpes means “to creep”; the Herpes simplex virus 1 can be spread by just a kiss, but the sores make the virus to decline. The Herpes simplex virus 2 causing eruption in the genitals is primarily transmitted by sexual contact.
Symptoms Of Genital Herpes
The symptoms of genital herpes vary from person to person. Most people are not aware that they have genital herpes. However, the first outbreak can be very severe too. The first outbreak generally happens within 2 weeks of sexual contact with an infected person. The symptoms are itching or burning sensation in genitals or anal area, flu like symptoms with fever, swollen glands, and pain in legs buttocks or genitals, vaginal discharge.
In some time sores show up where the virus has entered the body like mouth, penis or vagina. They can also be visible on the cervix of women or urinary passage of men. The sores are small red bumps that may turn into blisters or painful open sores. Apart from this some people might just have mild sores like insect bites or something else.
Treatment For Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is incurable and the virus will always be in the body. There are antiviral drugs that can reduce the severity of the outbreaks. Drugs can be given right after outbreaks regularly to stop the outbreaks. This does not mean that you are free from the virus.
During the outbreaks some steps can be taken to speed the healing and not let the sores spread to other body parts. Hygiene is most important, keep the area dry and clean, and try not to touch the sores, wash hands after contact. Avoid sexual contact with partner till the sores heal.
Affect Of Genital Herpes During Pregnancy
There is a chance that the mother passes the virus to the child, especially if there is first outbreak somewhere around the delivery date. If the outbreak is not for the first time then chances of passing the virus are very less. Babies born with herpes may be premature, have damaged brain, severe rashes, and eye problems or may even die. Doctors may go for caesarean if the mother has sores near the birth canal. It is not yet confirmed if it is fine for the mother to take medicines for genital herpes during pregnancy.
Affect Of Genital Herpes While Breastfeeding
Herpes is spread through contact with sores, so if the sores are covered and not touching the baby it’s fine.If there are sores around the nipple area then don’t breastfeed with the same breast, pump out milk instead. Also the sores should not be touched while pumping out the milk.