Getting your menstrual cycles every month is a safe indicator of your body being normal and functioning properly. However, there are instances when women suffer and complain of heavy uterine bleeding. Some amount of heavy bleeding accompanied by cramps is normal during the menstrual cycle especially in the first two days.
Types Of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
Prolonged and incessant bleeding or sudden bleeding that occurs in between cycles indicates an abnormality in your reproductive system and needs to be investigated. Here are some types of abnormal bleeding that can occur anytime during a woman’s life span.
Once you conceive, your menstrual cycles automatically stop in preparation for the new arrival. Bleeding during pregnancy is never considered normal. Initial, mild bleeding may occur during implantation when the fertilized egg is burrowing itself into the uterus. This is normal and should subside after a few days. Bleeding during the three trimesters may indicate the likelihood of a miscarriage.
Bleeding occurs in cases of threatened miscarriages and can be controlled through bed rest and medication. Other causes of bleeding during pregnancy are an incompetent cervix. In this, the cervix prematurely opens up leading to bleeding and the possibility of a miscarriage.
Around 60% of women will suffer from fibroids in their life. Fibroids are small, benign tumours and growths that occur in the lining of the uterus. Some fibroids are as large as golf balls and may have to be surgically removed.
Fibroids are not malignant and can be harmless unless they cause heavy bleeding. Severe pain with heavy bleeding occurs when the fibroids become too many in number. This calls for medical and surgical intervention.
Endometriosis is a painful condition in which the uterine lining thickens and starts to grow in other parts of the uterus like ovaries, cervix, vagina or even the abdomen.
This may cause heavy and uncontrolled bleeding. Endometriosis remains one of the biggest causes of female infertility. Treatment of endometriosis is difficult and prolonged.
PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome)
This is another type of uterine bleeding. In this, the ovaries develop small polyps or growths, which make fertilization difficult. PCOS is very common in women suffering from a malfunctioning thyroid. PCOS leads to an abnormal cycle of absent periods followed by periods of prolonged and very heavy uterine bleeding. This makes pregnancy and fertilization very difficult.
Menhorragia is a condition of prolonged and heavy menstrual cycles. It generally occurs due to a hormonal complication, pelvic inflammatory disease, cancer or fibroids. Heavy menstrual bleeding is not normal and needs to be investigated.
Uterine cancer can be one of the biggest causes of heavy uterine bleeding. This can be confirmed by your doctor after getting an internal biopsy done which will test the presence of abnormal growths or tumours inside the uterine cavity.
This bleeding occurs for many women who have sexual intercourse for the first time. It occurs when the hymen splits and bleeds. The bleeding is common and temporary.
These types of bleeding occur in women. Most of them require medical scrutiny and invasive treatment.