Most women these days are diagnosed with an ovarian cyst. It may be due to a particular diet they follow or due to their lifestyle. But when an ovary enlarges especially during pregnancy; complications happen. Ovarian cysts during the first trimester of a pregnancy show no symptoms and often go unnoticed. They are present pretty much in every woman. Sometimes during fertilization, no egg is released. In such a case, the follicle (corpus luteum) releasing the hormones end up releasing more estrogen and filling up the sac thus enlarging the cyst.
They often appear and disappear at a very short time, can be singular or found in groups. While a small cyst would particularly need surgery, often supplementation programs help without performing any surgery. However, for a follicle which has grown tissues and skins, things are different; it calls for a surgery. Here are the few risks that can happen if an ovarian cyst becomes dangerous during pregnancy.
Risks Of Pregnancy With Ovarian Cysts
An enlarged ovarian cyst is accompanied by a lot of pain in the pelvic cavity. This is caused because of the increased level of estrogen in the body because of pregnancy. The level may further rise if there is poor elimination of waste from the digestive tract, physical and mental trauma as well as heavy exercises.
As the enlarged cyst pushes against the pelvic cavity it causes sheer pain. And if this cyst is not treated timely, the cyst erupts and fills the pelvic cavity with blood and fluid discharge, which may lead to miscarriage.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a disorder where male hormones exceed in women; during pregnancy it always poses a chance of increased complications. This leads to enhancement of body hair, mustaches, acnes, oily skin, etc.
PCOS is caused by the male androgenic hormones or the luteinizing hormones being released exceedingly by the pituitary glands. This leads to irregular menstrual cycle, excess bleeding, menopause or even infertility. Other symptoms are Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disorders.
Since PCOS causes high glucose level, it can cause gestational diabetes. This often leads to high blood sugar level in the body and cause a baby to have a larger body comparatively; immature lungs or problems during its delivery is also common in such cases. It often calls for an insulin injection before the baby is born to reduce damage.
Diabetes often leads to depression or mood swings. Hence, PCOS can wind up to be the cause of hypertension, due to a patients insulin resistance. It can be because of hormonal imbalance or other physical aspect like hair loss, acne, and even depression due to miscarriage or infertility.
In pregnancy, women usually confront moods swings and when it is associated with hypertension, the baby might be under constant risk of attaining the same.
Finally, an ovarian cyst can occur during pregnancy that might lead to cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fifth most diagnosed cancer in the world and results in many deaths since by the time it is detected it has reached one of its final stages.
And since the symptoms are pretty vague, it is very hard to detect even after years of delivery. Symptoms may begin from a simple gas, pain in the lower abdomen or indigestion and soon lead to diarrhea and eventually anemia.