Breast tissue is indeed a complicated one and many factors can create cysts and lumps all throughout the reproductive age of women. Lumps can appear due to a medley of reasons. The most common reason is however fluctuations in hormones. Lumps are very common all throughout the reproductive years. It becomes a concern only when there is a possibility that the lump could be cancerous.
How do you identify a harmless lump from a cancerous lump? Though it is very difficult to identify a cancerous lump just by physical examination, there are certain factors that you can take into consideration while checking whether the lump is cancerous or not.
The best way to identify lumps that can be dangerous is to be aware of the kind of lumps that appear in a woman’s breast. Breast lumps being very common, there are several types of lumps that can be identified through physical examination. If you have a lump that you are worried about, first check for any symptoms associated with the lump. Does the lump swell and pain more during menstruation? Does it shrink after menstruation? If yes, the lump is most probably a harmless one as it could be a fibrocystic breast disease which is very common among women.
Keep watch on any kind of lumps you have. There could be new lumps that you have missed and which could be cancerous. Fibrocystic lumps are rubbery and shift when you press them. They are also round and located mostly near the armpit.
Lumps Due To Breast Infection
When the lump formation is due to an infection in the breast like a mastitis which turned to an abscess, you need to be more careful. Infections must be treated with antibiotics to prevent entry into the blood stream and spread to other areas which will require draining of the pus. These kind of lumps are painful to touch and will be accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes, fever, chills and general malaise. Seek medical help immediately to prevent further problems.
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Cysts And Tumours
Cysts are blood filled or fluid filled sacs found inside the breast. They are harmless and feel squishy when you touch them. They might be accompanied by discharge from the nipples, pain and discomfort.
Tumours are of two types. Cancerous and noncancerous tumours. Non cancerous tumours are benign and are concentrated on any one part of the breast. They must however be removed through a lumpectomy and send for testing to determine the cause of the growth and also to find any complication that could arise.
Cancerous tumours are the most dangerous of all lump formations. Cancerous tumours can be assessed initially through a self examination. They are different in texture and shape as compared to the other lumps. They are irregular in shape and most often do not pain in the initial stages. They are also hard to touch and do not shift around like the other lumps. Symptoms that accompany cancerous tumours are pain in the leg, neck, hands etc and enlargement of lymph nodes under the arms etc. If you find such a lump, seek medical attention immediately.