A large number of people complain of developing an asthma attack when exposed to certain gases, fumes, dust and even pollen or animal furs and dander.
While these substances are responsible for inflaming the linings of the bronchioles and the lungs leading to decreased airway diameter causing constriction, an episode of asthma when a person exercises is considered peculiar.
Effects Of Exercise On Your Body:
Exercises make use of several muscles and joints in your body, making them work harder, increasing the rate at which your heart beats per second. This in turn forces your body to take in more oxygen leading to increased inhalation and exhalation. This causes your lungs to work harder than they would normally do.
In a healthy individual, these changes bring about excellent results leading to better functioning of several organs and tissues due to increased oxygen flow, which automatically leads to increased blood flow in several vital organs. In asthma patients, however, these changes force the bronchioles to dry up at a faster rate than they would normally do. A dry respiratory lining or dried up bronchioles are sufficient to trigger an asthma attack leading to congestion and constriction in the airway, causing extreme discomfort and in some cases making the person experience acute shortness of breath.
The Mechanism Involved:
When you exercise rigorously, you tend to take in more air from your mouth rather than breathing in through your nose. Although this happens unconsciously, air inhaled through the mouth directly passes through the lungs and misses out on the warming up effect created by the linings of the nose. A direct bout of cold dry air hitting your lungs will make moisture present in and around the respiratory tissue dry up immediately, leading to narrowing up of lung passageway. This process is popularly called “bronchoconstriction”, leading to “Exercise induced asthma”.
Signs And Symptoms Of Asthma:
Exercise induced asthma is similar to normal asthma where the person experiences acute shortens of breath. There is extreme congestion or constriction in the chest region making it extremely difficult for the person to breathe unless he/she stops exercising immediately and take rest. Excess coughing, pain in the chest region and wheezing sound is also observed.
Who Are Susceptible?
People suffering from asthma are easily vulnerable. However, twenty percent of patients experience shortness of breath and congestion in the lungs but do not have any type of history or incidence of asthma when not exercising. This condition subsides when the person stops exercising.
If you notice constriction in the chest region coupled with extreme difficulty in breathing if you run or exercise for a short period of time, you could be suffering from exercise induced asthma. Many people overlook this condition as nothing serious and consider themselves to be “unfit” to perform exercises. However, if you are unable to catch your breath for a longer duration of time, you must realize this is not a case of decreased fitness but rather a case of exercise induced asthma that requires prompt treatment.
Treatment Of Asthma:
Prescribing mediations to relieve constriction is one way to deal with the condition. Performing breathing exercises that help strengthen the lungs in a natural manner is an extremely effective solution to treat asthma, without pumping your body with drugs and chemicals that inevitably come with side effects and are effective only for a short period of time.
Concentrating on correct breathing techniques while exercising that involves accurate inhalation and exhalation methods is also very effective in treating the condition. Avoiding exercises or strenuous physical activity in cold dry climatic conditions is advisable.