12 Causes Of Pelvic Pain

Causes Of Pelvic Pain

Have you ever experienced a sudden, cramping, stinging or even burning sensation a few inches below the belly button or between the hips? This sudden burst of pain which commences without any prior indication is generally referred to as pelvic pain. Acute pelvic pain may last for a couple of minutes.

On the other hand, chronic pelvic pain is a dull throbbing pain which lasts for a couple of days. Acute or chronic pelvic pain is not something that should be trivialized. In fact, pelvic pain is an early warning sign that something is not right internally.

Causes of Pelvic Pain

Women may suffer from excruciating pelvic pain due to a variety of factors. The two main factors which are responsible for triggering pelvic pain are inflammation and infection. Pelvic pain caused by an infection does not affect the reproductive organs. On the other inflammation of the reproductive organs can trigger severe pelvic pain.

What ever the reason might be behind your pelvic pain, a visit to the doctor is a must. Early diagnosis of pelvic pain can prevent further deterioration of your health. Some of common causes of pelvic pain have been examined in this article.


One of the early signs of pregnancy is sudden and sharp pelvic pain. The pelvic pain is often accompanied by light bleeding. At the outset, pelvic pain is generally attributed to the implantation of the fertilized egg. As pregnancy progresses a woman may complain of chronic pelvic pain.


The chronic and often excruciating pain around the pelvic region during the advanced stages of pregnancy occurs due to the uterine expansion.


Mittelschmerz is the medical term used to describe the debilitating pain which many women complain of during their ovulation cycle. Ovulation pain can range in intensity from mild / tolerable pain to excruciating pain. Ovulation pain which triggers pelvic pain, should not set the alarm bells ringing. The best way to combat pelvic pain which occurs during the ovulation period, is to take adequate rest and pop a couple of pain killers.

Period Cramps

During the monthly menstrual cycle a woman may complain of excruciating stomach and pelvic pain. Pelvic pain which accompanies the monthly menstrual cycle is a common problem which ninety percent of all women have to endure.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

This is a non gynecological cause of pelvic pain. Men and women may suffer from regular episodes of severe pelvic pain, especially if they are diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome. Pelvic pain due to irritable bowel syndrome is often aggravated by stress and improper dietary habits.

Uterine Fibroid

The problem of uterine fibroids is rampant among women during their child bearing years. Even a single uterine fibroid can trigger severe pain in the pelvic region.

Uterine Fibroid

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Besides excruciating pelvic pain, a woman who has fibroid growth in her uterus may also suffer from prolonged periods, painful periods, and constipation. The best way to combat pelvic pain caused by the presence of multiple fibroids is to surgically remove the uterine growths.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

PID or pelvic inflammatory disease is another causative factor behind extreme pelvic pain. Any bacterial infection of the fallopian tube or even the uterus can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease or PID. Besides pelvic pain, women who suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease will also complain of painful urination, fever and thick vaginal discharge. The best way to stop pelvic pain arising due to PID is to take a course of antibiotics.


Endometriosis refers to the condition where endometrial lining grows outside the uterus. Endometrial lining which grows outside the uterus cannot be shed during the normal menstrual cycle. Over a period of time as endometrial lining continues to grow outside the uterine walls it can trigger agonizing pelvic pain.


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Pelvic pain arising due to endometriosis should not be ignored. Surgical intervention is the best treatment option to curb pelvic pain caused by endometriosis.

Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy

When a fertilized egg implants itself in one of the fallopian tubes it leads to an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a high risk pregnancy. If an ectopic pregnancy is allowed to progress, it can eventually lead to the complete rupture of the fallopian tube. If the fallopian tube ruptures, it can cause severe bleeding and excruciating pelvic pain. A ruptured ectopic pregnancy requires immediate medical intervention.

Pelvic Adhesions

One of the primary causes for infertility and excruciating pelvic pain among women is pelvic adhesions. Pelvic adhesions refer to scarring or tissue repair which occurs as a result of infection, inflammation, surgery or some kind of physical trauma. Pelvic adhesions often act like glue which binds together uro-genital, reproductive and digestive organs.

Adnexal Torsion

A sudden twisting of the fallopian tube is called adnexal torsion. Adnexal torsion can also cause excruciating pelvic pain. In fact the pain that accompanies adnexal torsion is so severe that the patient may throw up repeatedly.

Adnexal Torsion

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This condition is commonly seen among women who are in their child bearing years. Some of the risk factors of adnexal torsion include an enlarged ovary and pregnancy.

Interstitial Cystitis

When the lining of the bladder becomes inflamed due to a bacterial infection it leads to a painful condition called interstitial cystitis. This condition is commonly observed among women in the thirty to forty age groups. Interstitial cystitis is characterized by pain during sexual intercourse, pelvic pain, pain during urination and the desire to empty the bladder frequently. The best treatment option for interstitial cystitis is to take a course of oral antibiotics.

Psychological Problems

Did you know that psychological problems can actually trigger pelvic pains? Well this is indeed the case. Extreme psychological trauma can cause severe pain in the pelvic region. In fact, women who are extremely depressed; stressed out or going through an unpleasant life changing experience are twice as likely to complain of sudden pelvic pain as compared to women who are happy in their life.

The best way to treat pelvic pain triggered by psychological trauma is to treat the underlying emotional problem. Pelvic pain will automatically disappear once the stress inducing situation is dealt with in a proper manner.

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