Many people suffer from acne, which is more prevalent in teenagers but could continue even in adulthood. This skin condition is a result of blocked skin pores and causes blemishes, inflammation and irritation on the skin.
Various antibiotics are available for the treatment of acne that work by destroying the bacteria that cause this condition. They also help in reducing the inflammation and clearing up your skin. If you are suffering from mild acne, then topical application of antibiotics that help to open up your pores is good enough for you.
For more severe cases of acne, topical application of antibiotic creams, along with antibiotic tablets to be taken internally, is prescribed. Always take antibiotics as per your doctor’s prescription and follow the instructions given in the leaflet provided with the medication. Described here are some of the antibiotics that are generally prescribed for acne treatment.
Widely Used Acne Antibiotics
One of the most widely prescribed antibiotic for acne treatment, tetracycline is prescribed for only a short time as the patients may develop resistance to it. Dosage is decreased as the decrease in acne lesions is observed.
It has to be taken on an empty stomach, which is why it can get a little difficult for teenagers to take this antibiotic as they seem to be eating all the time. Children under 9 years and pregnant women are advised not to take this antibiotic. Some people suffer from sun sensitivity as a side effect of this antibiotic.
Erythromycin is an antibiotic that also helps to destroy the acne causing bacteria, and is considered a good medication for curing acne because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It should be taken only after eating some food and the dosage will depend on the strength of the medication.
Teenagers can also benefit by this medication. This antibiotic can even be taken by women during pregnancy. However, some people may suffer from side effects like nausea and diarrhea.
Minocycline is an antibiotic that is used in effective treatment of acne. Pustular type acne can be most successfully treated with this antibiotic. The absorption of minocycline gets reduced when taken with food, but not as much as tetracycline.
Side effects of this antibiotic include vomiting, dizziness and nausea. Some people may develop skin and tooth discoloration when they take this antibiotic for longer periods.
Another effective antibiotic, benzoyl peroxide can be used for treating acne successfully. It is available over the counter in gel, cream, lotion, and cleanser forms.
Many products for acne treatment contain benzoyl peroxide and can be applied once or twice every day to get rid of acne. Some people develop contact dermatitis due to this antibiotic, and should avoid its use.
Doxycycline is another very effective antibiotic that is used in the treatment of acne and the inflammation on the skin. When tetracycline or erythromycin do not work on some people, they are prescribed this antibiotic.
The dosage depends on the extent of your condition and should be taken as per your doctor’s prescription. It should be taken on a full stomach in order to prevent nausea. It can increase sun sensitivity and sunburns in some people, and they are advised to avoid sunlight while on this medication.