A skin condition that mostly affects the face and neck, acne rosacea gets its name from the fact that it is similar to acne and can be easily mistaken for the same, except for a few unique symptoms that distinguish it from normal acne. Acne rosacea can cause issues like red spots or flushes on the face, thick facial skin, sore eye lids, and dry eyes etc. In certain rare cases, acne rosacea can also affect the cornea and cause eye pain and visual impairment.
Common Causes for Acne Rosacea.
Acne Rosacea cannot be tied down to a few specific causes. Rather, there is a broad spectrum of factors that can contribute to the condition in individuals. And here are some of the more common causes. Extensive sun damage to the exposed skin can cause acne rosacea in certain cases. A sensitive immune system can also cause abnormal reactions in the skin in response to certain conditions. In certain cases, leaky blood vessels on the skin surface can trigger an abnormal infection if exposed to harsh elements.
Accordingly, the blood vessels would start to dilate with blood and widen to the point that they would be clearly visible on the skin’s surface. Certain mites called Demodex Folliculorum present on the skin’s surface can cause acne rosacea if they tend to multiply in high numbers. Individuals who use steroidal creams extensively are more prone to conditions like acne rosacea. Over exposure to these creams can damage the skin with time, increase sensitivity and cause acne rosacea or similar conditions. In certain rare cases, acne rosacea can also be passed down the family tree from one generation to the next. In this case, an individual is more prone to get acne rosacea if his/her parents had it and so on.
Common Symptoms of Acne Rosacea
Acne Rosacea is most concentrated on the cheeks, nose, mouth, chin, cheeks, neck and head etc. with almost all the symptoms occurring in and around these areas. In fact the occurrence of these symptoms on the other parts of the body like the chest, arms or back etc. is extremely rare
Sudden Facial Flushes
This would easily be one of the earliest and most prominent signs of acne rosace in individuals. A deep red flush would start appearing on the face at frequent intervals. The symptom would look as if you were blushing.
Redness on the face
Resembling sun burns, this symptom is also called as erythema and can show up on the face and necks. Visible Blood Vessels Also called as Telangiectasia, this symptom of acne rosacea would involve the blood vessels under the skin showing up clearly on the face and neck.
Appearance of Papules and Pustules
As in the case of normal acne, acne rosacea can also cause pustules (cysts) and papules (red spots) to develop on the face at regular intervals. These marks can remain on the face for long intervals unlike acne though, and can possible require treatment to disappear.
This particular symptom of acne rosacea is characterized by bumps appearing on the skin on the face. Parts of the face swell up to give the impression of thick skin. A common example of this condition is Rhinophyma where the nose appears bumpy and bulbous.
In certain cases, an individual with acne rosacea can feel an itchiness or burning sensation all over the affected area. This symptom is rare but could occur if the individual in question has sensitive skin.
Eye Related Issues
A certain form of acne rosacea called ocular rosacea can affect the eyes and cause a series of issues like itchiness, burning sensation, dryness, eye pain, increased sensitivity, cysts on the eyelids, eyelid inflammation, vision impairment and cornea infection etc.
Treatments for Acne Rosacea
There is no definite treatment that would banish acne rosacea forever. Nor is there a way you can prevent its occurrence. The only best option would be to opt for certain remedies and treatments that can ease the severity of the symptoms. Accordingly, here are some of the more common remedies and treatments offered for acne rosacea.
Avoid These at all Costs
If you are prone to acne rosacea, make sure you avoid certain things religiously. For instance, never move out of the house without wearing an effective sun block (preferably with an SPF factor of 30 or more) that would keep your skin safe from both the UVA and UVB rays of the sun. Wear wide brimmed hats and sun glasses on extremely sunny days to avoid over exposure. Avoid chemical based moisturizing creams and opt for hypoallergenic products instead that are not greasy and fragrant-free. If you have dry skin, make sure you moisturize it at regular intervals to keep it hydrated and moist. Certain foods that you eat could also cause acne rosacea. Work with a nutritionist to find out those specific allergenic food items that seem to trigger off a breakout whenever you eat them. Stay away from these foods at all costs or at least until the symptoms disappear. Chalk out a diet chart that would let you get the nutrients your body needs while by passing those foods that could lead to a possible acne rosacea breakout.
Natural Remedies for Acne Rosacea
The symptoms of acne rosacea can be curbed effectively with the help of natural remedies. Some of the remedies that need to be applied topically over the affected area to reduce the symptoms include green tea cream, licorice cream, chrysanthellum indicum cream, niacinamide cream, and azelaic acid cream etc. Other options include aloe, burdock, rose hips and betaine hydrochloride etc. Make sure you get these remedies (and your condition) checked out by a health practitioner before opting for them though. Some natural, oral remedies that can help treat the symptoms of acne rosacea include vitamin B supplements, apple cider vinegar, red clover, chamomile, selenium supplements, and zinc supplements etc.
Antibiotics for Acne Rosacea
Severe cases of acne rosacea can be treated using antibiotics which would work fervently to reduce the effects of the symptoms. Accordingly, two antibiotics commonly used to treat acne rosacea symptoms include tetracyclines (including oxytetracycline, lymecycline, doxycycline and minocycline) and erythromycin. Another strong antibiotic that definitely needs to be supervised by a health practitioner is Isotretinoin which can effectively curb the symptoms of acne rosacea but can cause a lot of side effects in the body if not administered properly.
Surgery to treat Acne Rosacea
In certain cases, it would require a minor surgery to treat the symptoms of acne rosacea. For instance, acne rosacea can cause a condition called Rhinophyma which would affect the nose. In some cases, the symptoms would be so severe that it could damage the skin and tissue on the nose, possibly causing permanent disfigurement. In this case, the individual in question would need to opt for plastic surgery to correct the issue and reconstruct his/her nose again. However, recent breakthroughs in the field of medicine assure that there are other ways to treat rhinophyma without necessarily going under the knife for the same. Accordingly, individuals who do not want to opt for plastic surgery to correct their nose could opt for a procedure like dermabrasion with the help of a carbon dioxide laser beam.
Laser/Intense Pulsed Light Treatment for Acne Rosacea
Certain symptoms of acne rosacea like flushing, redness and telangiectasias etc. can be effectively treated using Intense Pulsed Light or vascular laser treatment. In both these cases, a narrow beam of light is shown at the dilated blood vessels on the skin surface. The heat from the laser beam would drain the blood vessels and shrink them, thereby reducing their visibility on the skin surface. This in turn would cause the redness (and flushing) to recede. The treatments are done with utmost care and do not cause any issues to the surrounding nerves and tissues on the face. Certain side effects like bruising, swelling, redness, crusting, blisters or infections would usually disappear in a day or two or with the help of antibiotics.