Bleeding gums are no doubt the result of unhygienic oral health and also are pre-cursor to serious dental diseases like gingivitis, weakened teeth and ultimately they may result in loss of teeth. This condition is mainly caused by the bacterial action in the mouth made possible by poor oral hygiene and bad dietary habits.
Bleeding is associated with inflammation and swelling. There are other reasons that can cause bleeding gums. If the bleeding of gums is persistent it may be an indication of a serious disease like blood cancer or platelet disorder.
Causes of Bleeding Gums
Injury Or Trauma
Teeth or gums may be injured by impact or insertion of foreign objects (tooth picking). Improper brushing and flossing can also cause injuries to the sensitive gums. Some harsh chemicals in mouth fresheners, drinks, medicines, toot whiteners and chemical additives in drinks and food may injure the gum base.
Smoking And Chewing Tobacco
Tobacco has irritating effects on the gums. Smokers will have more deposit of tartar on their teeth.
Several diseases can cause or aggravate the bleeding gums. Infection of gums, receded gums, and dental problems like caries, tartar or plaque formation in excess are the possible conditions. Other possible diseases indicated by gum bleeding are bleeding disorders, clotting disorders, hemophelia and Thrombocytopenic purpura.
Chronic deficiency of vitamin C and K are one of the factors for bleeding gums. Vitamin K is called clotting vitamin because it helps the blood to clot. Its deficiency will definitely cause increased bleeding. Deficiency of this vitamin is rare as it is available in many common vegetables and food but its deficiency could occur due to long term use of antibiotics.
Liver diseases, arterial diseases, diabetes, kidney disorders or heart diseases can also cause bleeding gums.
Pregnancy And Hormonal Diseases
Bleeding gums are very common during pregnancy and the condition is called pregnancy gingivitis. Normally, bleeding is observed during brushing and flossing.
This is due to the increased progesterone levels during pregnancy that increase the blood supply to the mouth. Though it is not a major concern in itself, but if the gingivitis gets worse, it may lead to periodontis which is a serious condition.
Hot Food And Chemicals
Chemicals used as artificial additives in food and drinks, hot drinks and chemicals in medicines can damage the sensitive gums and lead to bleeding. Severe infections and medications can damage the blood vessels supplying to gums causing bleeding.
Heavy use of certain medication such as aspirin, other blood thinners, pain killers and procedures like radiation and chemotherapy can result in bleeding gums. Oral contraceptives, nasal sprays, anti-depressants can also cause bleeding in the gums.
Even Stress Can Cause Bleeding Gums!
Are you over-stressed? You may be surprised to know that among other things, stress can cause gum inflammation and irritation and cause bleeding gums. This is explained on the basis that the stress affects your immune system which will allow the bacteria in the mouth to cause infection.
Thus, the bleeding gums can be caused by number of factors. Apart from maintaining oral hygiene keeping overall health is essential to avoid bleeding gums and further complications.