Disorders That Cause Memory Loss – Know All About Them

Memory loss known as amnesia is an atypical level of forgetfulness.  People having amnesia find it difficult to remember the past events. 

Based on its causes, memory loss may have a slow or sudden commencement; it may be temporary or permanent.  People with memory loss may have difficulty in recalling recent events, or events that happened in the remote past, or sometimes both.

Although people tend to forget things as they age, normal aging does not cause memory loss unless it is accompanied by any other disease that may cause memory loss.  When a person knows the difference between normal forgetfulness and severe memory problems and the causes of it, one can take steps to prevent it and stay focused mentally throughout one’s lifetime.

Getting accustomed to changes in life is an incessant process of learning, receiving and challenge.  When such changes contain dementia or memory loss, relationships, priorities, and insight change deeply.  It is very well possible to treat or reverse certain types of dementia, if they are identified at the correct time.  Having the knowledge of the different types of dementia, the reasons for memory loss and cognitive decline, and safeguarding the brain’s functioning by early involvement, can improve the results.  This way a sense of control through a person’s life can be felt to deal with life’s more troublesome challenges.

The Causes That Can Lead To Memory Loss Condition

Medical conditions like stroke disturb the flow of oxygen and drains the brain of its important nutrients can cause memory loss.  Subsequent strokes can be avoided by lowering the high blood pressure, giving up smoking and curing heart disease. Medical circumstances that increasingly bother brain cells and their connections affect memory functioning.  This condition is commonly seen in Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease or Huntington’s disease.

Low nutrition, poor hydration, and some substances like alcohol and drugs are also causative factors.  Treating metabolic disorders, vitamin deficiencies, and insulin resistance may eliminate or reduce the symptoms of memory loss. Illness affecting the central nervous system causes memory loss.  Some of the conditions are treatable that includes pseudo-dementia which is depression induced and brain tumors that can be operated. If the individual is subjected to head injuries, based on the site of the brain injury, memory and cognitive skills may be damaged.

The Causes For Age-Related Memory Loss:

 A section of the brain known as hippocampus, which is involved in the configuration and recovery of memories, often gets worse by age. Elderly people usually experience diminished blood flow to the brain which in turn affects memory leading to alterations in the cognitive skills. Other factors that can cause the onset of memory loss are growth issues – proteins and hormones that safeguard and restore brain cells and enhance neural growth, reduce with age.

Some Diseases That Can Lead To Memory Loss

Memory loss is one of the results of several diseases affecting the functioning of brain.

Parkinsons’s Disease –

Degenerative disease affecting the nervous system, disturbs movement and communication skills; medicines can help to reduce symptoms.

Alzheimer’s Disease – Causing speech problems, confusion, long-term memory loss, and mood patterns

Huntington’s Disease – This brain disease that is degenerative in nature damages the nerve cells in the brain; the symptoms are problem in balancing, mood swings, and uncontrolled movements.

Dementia – Leads to memory loss, hinder speech, problem solving, wavering thoughts and reduces attention span.

Lyme Disease – Central nervous system is affected.  This disease is caused by ticks’ bite; symptoms include memory loss, numbness, stiffness, headaches, mood swings.  Occurrence of a rash in the bitten area is the first symptom.

STD’s – Herpes, Syphilis, HIV and CMV can lead to long and short term memory loss; among these some are curable while some are incurable.

Diagnosis Identifying The Loss Of Memory:

Mere symptoms do not decide if a person has memory loss.  A doctor has to obtain a clear medical history of the patient in order to diagnose the condition.  The patient has to then undergo various neuropsychological tests that focus on the memory functions.  To obtain an accurate diagnosis, certain medical exams such as an electroencephalography (EEG), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Computerized Tomography (CT scan) can be performed.

Preventive Steps That Help:

Brain injuries due to head injuries, being the most common cause of memory loss, preventive measures should be taken like wearing helmets while riding or wearing a seat belt while driving.

Reducing one’s stress level and eating foods with nutritive value can prevent the symptoms of this condition.

Abstaining from alcohol, drugs or avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals may help.

People with elevated blood pressure can make alterations in their lifestyle by exercising more and quitting smoking.

Different dietary supplements and exercises can help to keep the brain cells healthy.

Stressful activities can be avoided to prevent sleep deprivation as it may lead to memory loss.

Socializing has been proved to be very effective in tackling memory loss.

By playing word games, number puzzles, strategy games, worsening of this condition can be prevented.

Family support plays a vital role in the treatment of this condition.