Irritable bowel syndrome has no particular medical explanations as to the cause of the disease. It presents itself as abdominal pain and changes in the bowel habits. There may be diarrhea or it may be constipation for several days. There is almost always flatulence and bloating. Diarrhea is easy to treat with diet but treating constipation is almost always a challenge.
Food that Triggers the Symptoms
Irritable bowel syndrome has certain triggering factors. In that certain foods are found to cause the symptoms. These would include highly spiced food, fatty food, alcohol, caffeine etc. There are certain vegetables that could trigger the symptoms like broccoli, cabbage, peas, onions, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower etc. There is no set pattern for diet with irritable bowl syndrome. It is best to individualize the diet according to the symptoms and needs of the body.
Diet for Diarrhea
The important aspect to help relieve the symptoms of diarrhea is to eat small meals at frequent intervals. When you eat small meals at frequent intervals. it will not load your system to work more. When you eat a large meal, it would stimulate the intestine and intestinal contractions so that there would be increased urging for stools.
Avoid fatty foods. Fat is another triggering factor for increased intestinal contractions. Of course, it is necessary to find out the triggering factors and avoid them. Avoid highly processed foods, meat etc. Make sure that the food hygiene is maintained. Packaged foods containing too much salt and sugar is best avoided. Avoid too much of spices in your food. Too much stress and anxiety is another triggering factor for most people with diarrhea.
Diet for Constipation
Include lots of dietary fiber. Fiber helps in digestion and aids in proper bowel movement as well. Roughage makes for bulk in stool. Fruits and vegetables contain lots of fiber Whole grains, pulses etc. do contain some fiber. But fiber is lacking in fish, fat and vegetables. Drinking lots of water also helps in proper digestion.
In fact, drinking a glass of water in the early morning helps in proper bowel movement. Eating a large breakfast is helpful too in aiding proper bowel movement. Avoid going hungry. Eat meals at fixed times. Try to include salads into your diet.
Diet for Bloating and Abdominal Pain
There is a relationship between bloating and abdominal pain. The food items which trigger bloating may also cause abdominal pain. Many a people are able to recognize what food items cause bloating or gas. So it is better to avoid those foods. These food items too could vary from person to person.
Food items with lots of soluble fiber also could cause bloating. It is necessary to eat food at right intervals. Avoid too much filling up of the stomach, avoid going empty stomach for a long time. Similarly, avoid processed and fatty food; salty and sugary foods too. Some people develop bloating and abdominal pain while eating pulses and legumes. Avoid carbonated drinks. Chewing gum also could cause abdominal pain and bloating. Adjusting your diet could help a lot in overcoming problems associated with IBS.
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