unwanted pregnancy
Pregnancy is a very important phase of a woman’s life as the entire event of carrying the baby in the womb for nine long months is a one-of-a kind experience. In addition to the variety of hormonal changes that take place in the body during this time, the sheer feeling of giving birth to a new life makes pregnancy an immensely emotional period for the expectant mothers.

Hence, it is extremely important that the woman is mentally prepared for the physical, emotional as well as lifestyle changes that take place during pregnancy. So, are you one of those woman who is sexually active but does not intend to get pregnant any time soon? Read on as here is a list of tips on the different ways by which you can avoid unwanted pregnancy.

Methods To Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy

Calendar Method

Knowing the number of days of your menstrual cycle and calculating the days of ovulation is one of the basic steps that you can take to minimize your chances of getting pregnant. The possibility of conceiving a baby is least on the 11th up to the 15th day of a woman’s menstrual cycle and so sexual intercourse during this period is unlikely to trigger pregnancy. However, this is not a full-proof preventive measure and is effective only when the woman has a steady menstrual cycle of 28 days.


Using contraceptives such as birth control pills and condoms are the most common methods of preventing an unwanted pregnancy. The contraceptive pills are usually hormone pills that inhibit the process of fertilization of the sperm and the ovum. Meanwhile, condoms can also be used to avoid unwanted pregnancy as they can prevent conception up to 95-99%.

Intrauterine Devices

Inserting an intrauterine device in the uterus is one of the most effective ways of preventing pregnancy. This device hinders fertilization by blocking the sperm from coming in direct contact with the egg. Despite the fact that using an intrauterine device is very effective in avoiding conception, before opting for this method you need consult your gynaecologist as it has many side-effects. Painful periods, heavy blood flow and cramps are some of its side-effects.

Avoid Sex During Periods

If you have sex during your menstrual cycle, the possibility of getting pregnant increases to a certain extent. During your days of menstrual cycle every month, the eggs that are released are much more fertile owing to which the chance of conceiving is quite high.

Hormone Injections

The hormone injections are similar to the contraceptive pills which contains hormones that hinder ovulation. However, unlike birth-control pills that need to be taken every day, these hormone shots need to be administered once in three months. However, this method also has a disadvantage as it often makes menstrual cycles irregular.


Vasectomy is a surgical way of avoiding unwanted pregnancy in which the fallopian tubes of the female reproductive system is cut so that the egg fails to reach the uterus. This method also has a number of side-effects and you should have a detailed discussion with your physician before going under the knife to avoid unwanted pregnancy.