Acne affects around 90% of the population.Most of them suffer from this problems at the stage of puberty.The first step to get rid of acne is to comprehend the causes of acne.When you are aware of the cause then easily you can target that to get rid of the acne.The two main reasons behind the developemnt of acne are the blocking of the opening of a pore or increase in the production of sebum by the sebaceous glands.The strategies to unblock the pores and how to decrease the sebum production are given here.
Ways To Get Rid Of Acne
Strategies to Unblock the Pores
The pores become clogged due to the presence of excess oil on the skin.
Appropriate Facial Cleanser
The facial cleanser that you are using in your daily routine may not be the appropriate according to your type of skin. So wash your face with the cleanser that suits your skin and does not retain any oil on it.Extra dry, dry, normal, oily or combination skin facial cleansers are available in the market so bring that suits your skin type. The facial cleanser should be mineral oil free as mineral oil is a petroleum product which clogs pores of the skin leading to the development of acne.
Tight the Pores of the Skin
The pores’ tightening is a very easy process. All you need to do is wash your face with warm water so that the pores get opened first. After that, splash some cold water .By doing so, the pores will shrink and make them less proficient to hold the dust from the atmosphere. Apply a skin toner after this to tighten your skin pores
The process of gentle sloughing helps to remove the dead skin cells from the face. The sloughing should not be done on damaged or rough skin. Some of the ways to slough are here:
The washcloth should be changed regularly to stop the spread of bacteria. The fabric softener should not be used on washcloths as they contain a chemical agent which irritates the skin.
Use Salicylic Acid or Benzoyl Peroxide
Salicylic acid helps to slough away the dead skin that blocks the pores. This acid will also fight the bacteria that are responsible for the inflammation by penetrating into the skin. The benzoyl peroxide has similar benefits as salicylic acid but it is not recommended for dry skin and it should be used with caution as it bleaches the hair. You can buy the cosmetic products containing them as ingredient.
Strategies to Prevent the Excess Formation of Sebum
The sebum is a fatty substance secreted by the sebaceous glands. Though normal amount of sebum helps to repel water from the hair and skin but excess amount of it leads to the development of acne.
Changes in diet
Some of the changes are required in the diet. The intake of refined carbohydrate and animal fats should be avoided as they increase the oil production in the body.Instead, diet rich in whole grains, lean meat, fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables should be taken. Some of the nutrients that help to prevent the formation of acne are selenium, omega 3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamin E and C.
Women Can Take Hormones
The birth control pills helps to give a steady input of estrogen in the body that gives a clear skin. This is due to the fact that when the level of estrogen is low then the testosterone levels will increase and will stimulate the acne breakouts. This is not recommended for obese females.
Some of the acne medications help to heal the mild and occasional acnes’.. The ingredient should include salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and sulfur.If you are suffering from severe acne breakouts then consult a dermatologist to take the right combination of salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and sulfur. He/she may give you a treatment of high dose of salicylic acid with no benzoyl peroxide or high doses of vitamin A keeping in mind the stage of acne vulgaris.
Some of the doctor’s advice oral antibiotics to reduce the growth of bacteria and the sebum production. Though the results are good but they may kill the good bacteria also increasing the scope of other problems like liver infection, yeast infection or some other fertility complications. The famous oral antibiotic is doxycyclin.This antibiotic is to kill the bacteria causing acne cysts and it should be taken only on the advice of doctor.
These injections are given only in cases where there is the formation of large cysts that are visible from weeks. The injection of cortisone reduces the cyst size immediately.