Risk Factors Of Breast Reduction Surgery

Breast reduction surgery
is done with the aim of achieving a breast size that is proportionate to your body or one that you are comfortable with. During breast reduction surgery excess fat, skin and glandular tissues are removed from the breasts in order to reduce breast size. In medical terminology it is referred to as reduction mammoplasty.

Breast reduction surgery is not just an option for women, but is also an option for men who have enlarged breast, a condition called gynecomastia.

Breast Reduction Surgery Risk Factors

Physical Problems Due To Large Breasts

Excessively large breasts in women can cause several physical and emotional problems. Women with large breasts often complain of chronic neck, shoulder, and back pain. Large breasts often lead to poor posture and inability to comfortably perform physical activities. Women with large breasts find it difficult to fit into clothes and bras.

Due to excess weight, the breasts will hang and have stretch marks. The areolas often become enlarged due to the excessive stretching of the breast skin. In many women their large breasts hang so low that when they are not wearing a bra their nipples fall below the crease of their breast. Skin irritation is another problem that women face due to large breasts. Bra straps leave deep indentations due to the excessive weight.

Psychological Problems Due To Large Breasts

Women with large breasts often suffer from low self-esteem. They feel uncomfortable stepping out in the public.

Any woman who suffers from the above mentioned physical and psychological problems due to large breasts is the right candidate for breast reduction surgery. However, this does not mean that anyone with large breasts can opt for breast reduction surgery. There are certain factors that need to be considered before you decide to go for breast reduction operation.

Factors To Consider Before Surgery

Are your breasts fully developed? Though breast reduction surgery can be done at any age, for the best results one should wait till the breasts are fully formed.

Are you healthy? Do you suffer from any medical problem? You should consider breast reduction surgery only if you are physically fit. If you are a smoker, you will have to quit smoking prior to surgery to ensure good results. Furthermore, if you are on some sort of medication, you might have to stop it on the surgeon’s advice. Surgeons recommend that patients stop taking aspirin, vitamin supplements and herbal remedies prior to breast reduction operation. They can be resumed after complete healing.

If you are planning to start a family soon or are breast feeding, it is recommended that you postpone your breast reduction surgery. Breast feeding will become hard once you have had reduction mammoplasty.

Breasts undergo physical change during pregnancy. Therefore, if you opt for breast reduction surgery prior to pregnancy, you might find that your breasts have again become large post pregnancy.

Risk Factors

It is never a good idea to opt for breast reduction surgery without taking into consideration the risk factors involved. During your consultation with the surgeon, make sure that you learn about all the risks involved.

Some of the risks involved in breast reduction surgery include scarring, fluid accumulation, bleeding, and pain. In most cases scars will fade with time; however, in some cases they can be permanent.


Breasts can become excessively firm after surgery. You might also want to consider the risks of bleeding or formation of blood clots during and after breast reduction surgery. There can also be total or partial loss of areola and nipple. You might also notice change in sensation in your nipples or breasts after the surgery. Breast reduction surgery can also lead to asymmetrical breasts. In the worst case scenario you might find that the shape and contour of your breasts have become irregular.

Lungs, blood vessels, muscles and nerves can be permanently or temporarily damaged due to breast reduction surgery. You can also experience swelling, discoloration, bruising and pigmentation in your breasts. The surgery can also lead to death of fatty tissues deep inside the skin. Cardiac complication is another risk associated with breast reduction surgery.


Once you are okay with the risks factors, you should learn about the procedures involved in the breast reduction surgery. The surgery can involve liposuction, incision, or both. Liposuction is done when the breasts are large due to fatty tissues and excessive skin is not a problem.

The first step in breast reduction surgery is the administration of anesthesia. Then an incision is made. There are three options available. The first option involves making an incision around the areola in circular shape. In the second option an inverted T shaped incision is made. In the third option a keyhole shaped incision is made. It starts in a circular shape around the areola and goes vertically downwards till the breast crease.

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Once an incision is made, the nipple is first repositioned and the size of the areola is reduced as per the requirements. Excessive tissues are removed and the breast is lifted and provided shape. Sutures are placed deep inside the breast tissues in order to create and shape the new breasts. Sutures also help to provided support to the newly shaped breast. Surgical tapes, skin adhesives and sutures are then used to close the incisions.

Other Things That You Need To Know About The Surgery

As you can see the surgery is not very complicated. The surgery can be done at a hospital, outpatient surgical center, or an accredited office cum surgical center. Breast reduction surgery can take around four to five hours. Once the surgery is done you can see the results right away. You can even go home right after the surgery. You just have to make sure that there is someone to drive you home.

However, before you go home the surgeon will give you instructions on how to take care of your breasts after the surgery. What medications you will need to take or apply, when you can go back to your normal physical activities, when the bandages and stiches will be removed and when will you have to come back for a follow up- are some of the questions that your surgeon will answer prior to leaving for home.

Breast reduction surgery can change the way you look at yourself. It can be the beginning of new you. However, before you opt for the surgery make sure that you have done all the groundwork. Finally make sure that you are doing it for yourself and not for anyone else. This will give you the best satisfaction.

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