As HIV has become one of the deadliest diseases in the world, you should have the proper knowledge of the symptoms and signs of the Acute HIV.

Basically, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a type of virus that causes AIDS. This virus causes Acute HIV infections which have the capability of destroying the Immune System of your body. A person shows the symptoms of primary or acute HIV infection only after he is infected by the virus for 2-4 weeks.

It is very essential to identify the certain symptoms of the Acute HIV in primary stages as early diagnosis of the disease can avoid serious illness. Acute HIV infections can show various symptoms in different persons. Fevers and rash are the most common symptoms of the Acute HIV.

Cause Of Acute HIV Infection

This disease is spread through sexual contact, transfusion of infected blood and blood products, impure needle and syringes and breastfeeding (but this is very rare).


There are some tests that are used in diagnosis of HIV. These tests include ELISA (enzyme linked immune sorbent assay) and PVL (plasma viral load).

What Are The Symptoms Of Acute HIV?

Symptoms On Body

Acute HIV infection shows common symptoms that involve pain in joints and muscles, headache, sore throat and fever. These sign are shown by the body for about two weeks. During illness, many people can have swelling without pain in lymph nodes, neck and even in the arm pit. This can cause decrease in the size of the lymph node.

Mouth, Skin And Genital Signs

A typical feature of the Acute HIV is open ulcers or sores. These ulcers occur in mouth, esophagus and in penis or anus. Most of the time, these ulcers are painful. There is development of skin rash after fever. The rash covers mainly face, upper chest and neck like areas. This rash remains for about 6-8 days.

Digestive Signs

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People having Acute HIV infection develop symptoms like vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea and gradual weight loss.

Respiratory Symptoms

Generally, dry cough is common and the only sign shown in respiratory system in Acute HIV infection.

Symptoms In Higher HIV Infection

If HIV virus is ignored in early stages, it will progressively weaken your immune system. The heavy damage to the immune system in this state can cause serious illness. This illness creates serious problems in the body that may lead to death in higher HIV infection. Symptoms in case of higher infection include loss in weight, fevers, shortened breath and blurred vision.

However, with proper diagnosis and medication the immune system can improve. The improvement in the immune system can lessens the risk of causing many diseases.

There are number of people who do not show any of the external HIV symptoms. However, some people may show severe symptoms which may cause emergency. When the infection period is over, the symptom decreases itself. Also in some cases, people do not show any remarkable symptoms for longer periods like for 10-12 years. If this situation is ignored, it may increase the chance of having AIDS.