Premenstrual syndrome is a combination of some of the physical and emotional symptoms that relate to a woman’s menstrual cycle. These symptoms differ from woman to woman but the pattern of symptoms remains the same as they occur ten days before the start of the menstrual cycle and goes before the onset of the periods.
This syndrome has a huge variety of symptoms like mood swings, tenderness in breast, cravings for food, irritation, depression etc.. Every 9 women out of 10 suffer from this syndrome but this problem is more common in females between the ages of 20 to 30. The various signs and symptoms of this syndrome is divided into two sections-Emotional and physical symptoms. You may experience some of these changes in your premenstrual syndrome and they may be more intense in some months while not noticeable in other months.
The Emotional and Behavioral Symptoms Are Given Here
Increase In the Levels Of Anxiety
The tension or anxiety levels are increased. Woman feels tense all the time and loses interest in every area. Mind is occupied with negative thoughts and feelings leading to an increase in the anxiety.
Every person feels sometimes in blue mood or sad but in this syndrome the mood becomes depressed everytime. Any kind of humor is not able to change the mood and bring smile to the face.
Some women cry a lot before one or two weeks without a valid reason in whatever the circumstances are going on.
This is known as crying spell that occurs in premenstraul syndrome. The feeling to cry for no reason arises. She used to have crying spells after a short duration of time.
The mood fluctuates and becomes irritative and angry on minor things or without any reason the women loses temper. PMS leads to wild and uncontrollable mood swings in females.
This includes irritation, frequent anger, oversensititvity to anything, rage and feelings of nervousness and anxiousness.
Change In Appetite And Food Cravings
Some woman feels cravings for different food while some observes changes in the pattern of appetite like an increase or decrease in hunger or loss of appetite.
Some woman faces the problem of eating very quickly or too slowly.
It becomes difficult to fall asleep or the duration of sleep decreases so much that you are not able to sleep the whole night.
The sleep disturbs the life so much that working women have to take leave the next day after facing insomnia last night.
Lack Of Concentration
The concentration level is reduced very much. A memory power also weakens and she forgets some heartily known things also in these days.
The body suffers from the deficiency of essential minerals and vitamins in this syndrome which weaken your body and you are not able to concentrate.
The Physical Signs And Symptoms Are Given Here
Problem Of Pain In the Muscle And Joints
Pain in the joint or muscle occurs and the movement of joint becomes difficult. Hormonal fluctuations affect the neurotransmitters such as endorphins that increases the feelings of excitement and lowers the feeling of pain.
In the premenstrual syndrome the level of endorphins falls which leads to rise in the feeling of pain.
A feeling of headache is felt every time. This is because the hormone estrogen decrease in the body and the lack of essential hormones lead to headache. This type of headache is similar to migraine headache.
The body becomes restless and lazy. As a woman approaches the time of menstruation cycle the lack of progesterone and rise in estrogen leads to hormonal fluctuations.
Hormonal fluctuation and deficiency of essential minerals and vitamins leads to the problem of fatigue.
Increase In Body Weight
To an extent the increase in weight in premenstrual syndrome is normal but if your body becomes too bulky then you should consult a doctor.
The main reason for this is that the water retention in the body increases which leads to rise in the body weight. The belly becomes fat.
Bloating is a condition in which tightness and fullness in observed by a woman in premenstrual syndrome. Due to rise in the hormonal levels ,the gas and the stool moves slowly in the intestine which gives a feeling of abdominal bloating.
When your menstruation cycle will start the bloating will go on the first day as the level of hormones starts decreasing.
Tenderness In Breasts
The breast becomes tender and due to this tightness in the chest is felt. This is due to the swelling in the breast. Swelling occurs in other parts of the body like ankles,hand and feet but the pain is felt mostly in the breast as this is the most painful area.
Some women feel pain and tenderness in both the breast while some feel one sided pain. One sided pain is worse than the pain in both the breasts.
The breakout of acne is common in this syndrome. It can be on face, back or chest. This breakout is due to the change in the hormone levels of the body, dietary changes like intake of salt and excessive sugar content food in premenstrual time.
Stress also contributes to the production of acne flare ups.
Constipation Or Diarrhea
Some woman faces the problem of constipation while some gets affected with diarrhea in this syndrome. This is because the gas and stool find it difficult to move in the intestine properly as the hormones fluctuate.
The signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are so many but these are the most important signs that every woman will suffer from some of them. The problem of premenstrual syndrome becomes severe if they face these symptoms every month which is known by the term premenstrual dysphonic disorder. But you should not let these symptoms take hold of your life as they are just a part of your life. Some lifestyle modifications and medications will help you to manage and reduce the impact of these symptoms on your life.