Many tests and procedures are being performed during pregnancy. Few of these are regular check ups conducted at every pregnancy visit, like blood pressure, belly development and analyzing baby’s heart beat.
Few others tests are being performed and send to pathology for detailed examination in accordance to the requirement of each trimester such as blood tests and urine tests, to ensure safe progression at every phase.
Majority of tests are common for all pregnant women, but few tests could be specific as best suited for the well being of a pregnant woman and developing fetus.
Understanding The Key Tests Of Pregnancy
Gynecologists monitor the belly of every pregnant woman to analyze the development changes of uterus and decipher the growth as well as position of the baby as the pregnancy progresses. This becomes a routine procedure from 12 weeks onwards and is known as abdominal palpation. It does not hurt the baby at all, since growing fetus is cushioned by amniotic fluid in the womb.
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Irrespective of pregnant women’s health, the gynecologist monitors blood pressure on every visit. It is the measure of pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels in the arteries.
In case the arteries tighten, the resistance is increased preventing free flow of blood, thereby increasing blood pressure and decreasing blood flow to the smaller vessels of the placenta and baby, leading to very high blood pressure during pregnancy known as preeclampsia.
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This is foremost performed to confirm the pregnancy of a woman. Then it is also performed to rule out any urinary tract infection or asymptomatic bacteriuria. An infection of urine beyond 20 weeks of pregnancy, if left untreated may lead to premature labor and birth. This may also affect the kidneys causing pyelonephritis.
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It is essential to get your blood tested so that in time of need for any kind of blood transfusion due to excessive bleeding or hemorrhage during pregnancy or at time of delivery or after the birth, things could be managed as soon as they occur with latest blood reports in hand.
In case mother has Rhesus negative blood group, then she needs to be administered with anti D injections before and after delivery to avoid development of antibodies against her blood group due to rhesus positive blood of the baby.
CBC and Hb level detection is done to rule out any infections and anaemia. HbsAg test is performed to screen for hepatitis B infection. HIV and HCV tests are also done to ensure ways to prevent passing it to baby in case mother is positive for the same.
T3, T4, TSH hormones screening is vital during pregnancy as thyroid disorders are usually picked up during pregnancy. To rule out high glucose and gestational diabetes, glucose tolerance test is performed during 24th to 28th week of pregnancy.
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This plays a vital role to keep a check on the levels of amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby, help to examine baby’s body parts like head, limbs, heart, spine and internal organs, to rule out any congenital abnormalities and also to analyze correct placenta positioning that ensure to proceed ahead with delivery. Based on ultrasounds latest scan report, doctor decides to go for normal or caesarean delivery ensuring safety of both mother and the baby.