A pregnant woman should lead a healthy lifestyle for a healthy baby. She needs to take enough rest, eat lots of nourishing food items and exercise regularly. It is also important that the expectant mother should avoid everything that might harm both the mother and the baby.
She must avoid harmful habits such as smoking, taking alcohol and drugs. Apart from this, it is also important to know about those harmful medications which can cause serious defects in the baby if taken during the phase of pregnancy.
Avoid Harmful Medications
Sometimes expectant mothers are forced to take certain medications which are harmful to the unborn baby in order to treat the health conditions like epilepsy, asthma, depression or high blood pressure. Usage of certain medicines during pregnancy can have adverse effect on the health of both the mother and the baby.
Before you consider taking any medicines during pregnancy, it is very important to know about its benefits as well as risks. Sometimes women continue to take medications as they remain unaware of the pregnancy. Such situations may prove hazardous for the baby developing in the womb.
Medications to be Avoided during Pregnancy
Anti- Acne Medicines
A pregnant woman should not take any kind of anti-acne medicines like Etretinate (Tegison) and Isotretinoin (Accutane) during her pregnancy. These medicines are generally used to treat psoriasis and chronic acne problems and its usage during pregnancy can cause several serious defects in the unborn baby like poor organ development.
Anti-migraine medicines such as methysergide and ergotamine are used to prevent migraine attacks, but they increase the possibilities of premature labor if taken during pregnancy. So, such medications should be strictly avoided by pregnant women.
Anti convulsants such as carbamezapine (Tegretol) and phenytoin (Dilantin) are used to control epileptic seizures. These medicines have been connected with mental retardation and heart defects in babies if a woman takes them during pregnancy.
Non-Steroidal and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Drugs like ibuprofen, aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been associated with blood clotting and increasing the possibility of uncontrolled bleeding for the mother and the would-be baby.
Anti- Coagulant Drugs
Some anticoagulant drugs based on coumarin are useful for the treatment of stroke and heart diseases to slow blood clotting which are known to be dangerous and should be avoided during pregnancy as it can cause severe birth defects like mental retardation and facial malformations. Besides, it may also create the chances of uncontrolled bleeding at later stages.
Other Dangerous Drugs during Pregnancy
All illegal drugs like cocaine and heroin must be avoided during pregnancy as it may prove fatal for the development of the baby.
Women planning to conceive should consult a doctor if they are suffering from any serious health conditions before they become pregnant. In fact, a woman who is pregnant should not start or stop taking any kind of medications that she requires without consulting a doctor. She must ensure whether the medicines taken by her are necessary or not during her pregnancy.