If a woman is capable of ovulation and developing fetus in her womb and after that giving birth to a baby, then this ability of her is called fertility. But incapable of doing so, some women suffer from infertility.
A recent survey shows that in the US about 10.2% of sexually active women (aged from 15 to 44) are suffering from infertility, though the figure is rising. Almost a quarter of sexually active women worldwide face infertility problems in some spans of their reproduction period. The increasing number of women who suffer from infertility problems may reach up to 8 million by the year of 2025. Here, in this article, we are going to discuss about the risk factors that cause infertility in women.
A woman’s fertility decreases as her age increases. In older ages, the chromosomes in women’s eggs get abnormal and the chances of fertility become lower. Other health problems in older ages also create problems in having fertility. In some exceptional cases, some older women in good health may have a productive ovulation, but there is a high risk of spontaneous abortion or stillbirth. Given below is data as was compiled by Population Experts that graphically represents, the percentage of women of different age groups with high chance of getting pregnant.
Possibilities Of Pregnancy In Different Age Limits
Age limits % of pregnancy possibility
Up to 34 years 90%
At the age 40 years decreases to 67%
At the age 45+ years decreases to 15% and decreasing as age grows
Body Weight And Unnecessary Exercise
Though naturally maximum estrogen of all women is produced in their ovaries, but about one third of total estrogen is formed in fat cells as a result of a procedure by which moving adrenal male hormones are converted to estrogen. As studies show, balance of hormone levels is absolutely necessary for a successful ovulation; this balance is hampered when women’s body weight cross the limit of higher or lower levels and cause infertility.
Women who have fats stored in their body have risks of infertility. When women’s fat level reaches up to 15% more than normal level, estrogen level also starts to get lower and chances of infertility increase. Even women may experience irregular menstruations for being over weight. So, control your food habit and stick to healthy nutritious and balance diet as your body needs, not more than that.
Underweight Causes The Same
The same things may happen to women who are underweight; because, they don’t have sufficient fat to balance hormone levels. They also may not get regular menses and thus may not ovulate as infertility seizes them. Please know these women in brief below who are underweight:
A woman, who can’t eat properly due to anorexia or bulimia like eating disorders, usually suffers from malnutrition and go underweight. Women who have low calories foods and also have irregular menses, even vegetarian women may also suffer from nutrition deficiency and may not ovulate.
So, to get rid of your infertility, get ready for weekly planned nutritious meals. It will be useful when you take a balance diet which includes carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats and sufficient water. Even you may do it for the day. Just calculate the total calories you need for the day and divide them in some meals to get a total amount. Again, when you are not sure that if you are overweight or underweight; just search internet for proper Body Mass Index (BMI) and be sure of your weight status.
Hard Physical Labours
Women, who do hard physical activities, have lower body fat level and may have a risk for infertility. Athletes like runners, gymnasts, tennis players and so on, dancers and others who have habits of over exercise or untested labour may face infertility problems.
Women who have a habit to smoke heavily like one or two packs everyday and who have been smoking from their early age, have more chances to face infertility than non smokers. Not only that, but also smoking may be responsible for spontaneous abortion, abnormal baby birth, pregnancy complications and under weight babies. Even smoking males produce poor quality of sperms and may not be able to form zygote. This infertility risk is higher in marijuana smoking males and females.
Sometimes caffeine is also responsible for infertility when taken in excess amount. Coffee, tea, Energy drinks and other soft drinks, chocolate etc. contain caffeine. Even a little amount of alcohol drinking may hamper women’s fertility. Unhealthy sexual practices like multiple sex partners, having sex without protection, making love in periods and not cleaning up after sex may cause some sexually transmitted diseases that may result infertility. Frequent abortion or vaginal cleaning up for menstrual regulation can be harmful for female infertility.
Risks From Environment
Some pesticides and other chemicals that affect may estrogen and damage fertility. Sometimes chemical wastages, chemical used on vegetables and fruits cause infertility in women. These chemicals are even responsible for abnormal baby birth
Chemotherapy also reduces fertility in women.
Working long time or being involved with tobacco is also risky for fertility.
Difficulties that cause worry or emotional tension in women also affect on reproductive hormones. Tremendous stress or stressful jobs even may stop menstruations and women may loss fertility.
Irregular periods, prolonged periods or shorter periods may cause infertility.
When You Need Fertility Advice?
Always remember that, fertility is possible only when you are healthy in terms of physically and mentally and living in a healthy environment as well as you are in perfect age for ovulation.
It is recommended that when you fail to be pregnant after one or two years of having unprotected regular sex, you should consult your doctor who is expert on fertility. Again, if you have crossed the age limit 35 and are not becoming pregnant after trying for six months or more you should opt for treatment. You always remember that both male and female should check fertility together. 10% to 15% of couples, who desire a baby, are not able to have their babies. Male and female are equally 40% responsible for infertility, the rest 20% cause is for either the male or female or unidentified till now.